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Who is the Suffering Servant?

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Shema.

This article was submitted by a friend of mine. Although Christians claim that the suffering servant in Isaiah is Jesus, we see here that Isaiah names the suffering servant as Israel.

1. Who is the Suffering Servant?

Isaiah 41:8-9, But you, O Israel, my servant, Jacob, whom I have chosen, you descendents of Abraham my friend. I took you from the ends of the earth, from its farthest corners I called you, I said, You are my servant; I have chosen you and have not rejected you.

Isaiah 44:1, But now listen, O Jacob, my servant, Israel, whom I have chosen.

Isaiah 44:21, Remember these things, O Jacob, for you are my servant, O Israel. I have made you, you are my servant, O Israel, I will not forget you.

Isaiah 49:3, He said to me, You are my servant, Israel, in whom I display my splendor.

2. What are the responsibilities of the Servant?

Isaiah 42:1, Here is my servant, whom I uphold, my chosen one in whom I delight; I will put my spirit on him and he will bring justice to the nations.

Isaiah 45:4, For the sake of Jacob my servant, of Israel my chosen, summon you by name and bestow on you a title of honor. I will strengthen you, so that from the rising sun to the place of its setting men may know there is none besides me.

Isaiah 45:14, This is what the Lord says: The products of Egypt and the merchandise of Cush, and those tall Sabaeans--they will come over to you and will be yours; they will trudge behind you, coming over to you in chains. They will bow down before you and plead with you, saying, Surely God is with you, and there is no other; there is no other god.

Isaiah 49:6, I will also make you a light for the Gentiles, that you may bring my salvation to the ends of the earth.

Isaiah 49:7, to him [Israel] and abhored by the nation, to the servant of the rules: Kings will see you and rise up, princes will see and bow down, because of the Lord, who is faithful, the Holy One of Israel, who has chose you.

Isaiah 49:22, This is what the sovereign Lord says: See, I will beckon to the Gentiles, I will lift up my banner to the peoples; they will bring your sons in their arms and carry your daughters on their shoulders. Kings will be your foster fathers, and their queens your nourishing mothers. They will bow down before you and with their faces to the group; they will lick the dust at your feet. Then you will know that I am the Lord.

Isaiah 49:26, Then all of mankind will know that I, the Lord, am your Savior, your Redeemer, the Mighty One of Jacob.

Isaiah 53:11, by his knowledge my righteous servant will justify many.

Isaiah 59:19, From the west, men will fear the name of the Lord, and from the rising of the sun, they will revere his glory. For he will come like a pent-up flood that the breath of the Lord drives along.

Isaiah 60:3, Nations will come to your light, and kings to the brightness of your dawn.

Isaiah 62:12, They will be called the Holy People, they Redeemed of the Lord; and you will be called sought after, the City no longer deserted.

Isaiah 64:4, Since ancient times no one has heard, no ear has percieved, no eye has seen any God besides you, who acts on behalf of those who wait for him.

Isaiah 66:18-21, And, I, because of their actions and their imaginations, am about to come and gather ALL nations and tongues, and they will come and see my glory. I will set a sign among them and I will send some of those who survive to the nations--to Tarshish, to the Libyans, and Lydians, to Tubal and Greece, and to the distant islands that have not heard of my fame or seen my glory. They will proclaim my glory among the nations. And they will bring all your brothers, from all nations, to my holy mountain in Jerusalem as an offering to the Lord--on horses, in chariots and wagons, and on mules and camels, says the Lord. They will bring them, as the Israelites bring their grain offering, to the temple of the Lord in ceremonially clean vessels. And I will select some of them also to be priests and Levites, says the Lord.

3. What are the consequences of not recognizing the Servant?

Isaiah 45:16-17, All the makers of idols will be put to shame and disgrace; they will go off into disgrace altogether. But Israel will be saved by the Lord with an everlasting salvation.

Isaiah 60:12, For the nation or kingdom that will not serve you will perish.

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